Towards connected and automated mobility: bringing technology and people together

Brian Wong, Legal Director, Burges Salmon LLP and David Williams, Managing Director, Underwriting and Technical Services, AXA Insurance UK, 21st September 2021

The future of transport promises exciting new technologies and applications on connected, shared and automated mobility on a grand scale. This encompasses, amongst other things, connected mobility services, Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS), demand responsive transport, shared mobility services or connected and automated vehicles (CAVs). Certainly, the pace of technological change and innovation being delivered by engineers, developers, technologists, designers and planners (many based in the UK) is rapid and accelerating. Many of those successes were rightly celebrated at the most recent session of the Connected and Automated Mobility (CAM) APPG, a group launched at the beginning of this year by Ben Everitt, Conservative MP for Milton Keynes North, with support from AXA and Burges Salmon to ensure the UK continues to build momentum in researching, developing and deploying CAM. At the meeting, the Minister for Investment, Lord Grimstone, gave a keynote speech on Government’s priorities for the CAM space and the industry made its case for continued investment in this high growth sector.

However, there is a component of the Connected and Automated Mobility ecosystem that arguably has not been and continues not to be talked about enough. The human. In the context of transport, technology for technology’s sake is meaningless without bringing transport users with you. It is an area that Burges Salmon and AXA have focussed on from the outset, from the very first of the UK-sponsored CAV trials, VENTURER, where we examined regulatory, safety, liability and insurance issues, and in subsequent trials, where we have examined data use, cybersecurity, accessibility and commercial use cases. Public acceptability of new and emerging technology is absolutely critical to CAM’s success. Effective regulation and compulsory insurance are part of the public assurance piece but there remains a lot of work to do on this front.

A timely reminder of that has arrived in the Future of Transport: Deliberative Research report commissioned by the Department for Transport. The report followed studies undertaken across the entire UK into public attitudes to CAVs, MaaS and shared mobility services and, given the timing of the studies, was in part looking specifically at the impact of COVID-19 on these. It is compulsory reading for any stakeholder or prospective stakeholder in CAM.

The report offers insight into and confirmation of familiar themes in respect of better articulating and differentiating MaaS from existing journey planning and current consumer preference for shared access to vehicles as opposed to ride sharing in the same, especially small, vehicle. On CAVs, there were some favourable indications including a recognition of data sharing as part of a safety assurance framework but overall safety and safety perception (including cybersecurity) remained the primary concerns and barriers to acceptance. Here, four levers were identified to achieve public acceptance of CAVs as ‘safe enough’ to use:

  • Building public knowledge about the capabilities of autonomous technology;
  • Normalising the concept and presence of CAV technology;
  • Educating and upskilling the public, but particularly drivers; and
  • Introducing CAVs initially with ‘performative safety’ measures to ease some of the initial tensions the public have around placing trust and control in the hands of technology.

Some of these levers are being pulled through the public vehicle trials that continue to be undertaken in the UK’s cities as well as test beds. It reinforces why many of these trials have been conducted with public engagement strategies in place and offering the public a chance to see and touch the technology. However, as trialling accelerates and people become more and more exposed to and familiar with the technology, it does point to a number of areas of focus for public engagement and acceptability. AXA and Burges Salmon believe these should include:

  1. The industry needs to work to promote the technology and its benefits positively to the wider public in news and media coverage whilst avoiding sensationalism. To this we would add that the industry also needs to work harder to counteract news coverage that is often unduly negative such as when incidents occur that do not involve automated driving at all For example, many high profile injury or fatality incidents that are reported involve driver assistance features or were under the control of a safety driver at the time but are often reported as incidents caused by ‘self-driving’ or ‘driverless’ cars.
  2. As the industry looks to initial deployments it should aim to be more transparent and exhibit more visible safety features and measures than might be considered strictly necessary. This approach of ‘conspicuous safety’ would flow over in part from the approach adopted in many trials to date but would assist the public in developing trust and reassurance;
  3. There must be greater effort in educating the public (including but not restricted to drivers) on safe use and interaction with CAVs. There are already indications in the nascent market of a degree of ‘automation confusion’ developing in the general public as to what are and are not automated vehicles and features and that has the potential to impact safe use as well public acceptability of the technology; and
  4. Government has a responsibility to ensure that safe automated driving is clearly defined, and public trust has been sufficiently established. This is particularly important for interim technologies that sit close to the boundary lines between assisted and automated driving such as Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS). There remain regulatory and technological challenges for ALKS around lane change ability, access to incident data and data triggering for low-impact collisions. The classification of ALKS systems as ‘automated’ without proper differentiation could damage consumer confidence in automated vehicles as a whole before regulation is clearly defined and more sophisticated technologies become commercially available. Not only would this impact the UK’s ‘Future of Mobility’ project it could undermine public acceptability of similarly advanced technologies. A vital step will be prioritising the next steps following publication of the Law Commission’s regulatory review.

These themes will be picked up further and explored in the context of future transport proposals and reforms (including at the CAM APPG) as they are essential pieces of the jigsaw. Indeed, as this article and the research report highlight, they are arguably the foremost and most challenging of pieces to address. Nevertheless, unlocking public acceptance is potentially the key to all else. As Steve Jobs once mused:

“You’ve got to start with the customer experience and work backwards to the technology. You can’t start with the technology and try to figure out where you’re going to try to sell it.”

Celebrating CAM technology: How the UK can maintain momentum?

Lord Greenstone answers questions from APPG event Chair Baroness Randerson

Connected and Automated Mobility (CAM) provides a unique opportunity to make our transport systems safer, cleaner, more efficient and more user-friendly. CAM technology is a real success story for the UK, and according to the Connected Places Catapult, the UK market will be worth £41.7 billion and could employ up to 49,000 by 2035[1]. The KPMG 2020 Autonomous Vehicles Readiness Index[2] recognises the UK as a global leader on testing and trialling CAM technology, largely due to the £400 million co-invested by Government and industry in recent years. The ongoing commitment of Government to initiatives such as the Law Commission’s review into UK regulations to support the embedding of a new regulatory and legal framework, will be essential to the success of the sector over the coming years.

So, how can the UK maintain this momentum and ensure it reaps the potentially huge economic rewards? This was the question posed at the third session of the CAM APPG where Minister for Investment, Lord Grimstone of Boscobel Kt, gave a keynote speech. AXA UK and Burges Salmon built on the support received from industry and politicians following the launch of the APPG in January 2021, by inviting the Minister to speak to mark the closure of the Government’s call for evidence on ‘the future of connected and automated mobility in the UK’.

APPG Officer and Liberal Democrat Transport Spokesperson Baroness Randerson, who chaired the event, welcomed over 60 virtual attendees to the meeting and highlighted the important work the APPG is doing to facilitate continued collaboration to bring Parliament and industry closer together. Lord Grimstone provided an overview of how Government, industry and academia can best collaborate to support the CAM sector and pointed to the considerable progress that has been made by the sector since the last consultation six years ago. He championed the role Government has played to push ahead with establishing a suitable and clear legal and regulatory framework to support the industry. The Minister concluded by outlining what his department saw as opportunities for greater commercialisation and how the wider CAM sector can support Government targets around Net-Zero and ‘levelling up’.

The Minister outlined the support Government has already given to the sector, helping over 90 projects since 2015, over 200 organisations and delivered £400mn in investment which brings together 28 cross sectors partners, across 6 inter-operable facilities. Any slowing of investment now will result in the UK importing this technology as a tech taker rather than a tech maker. The Minister highlighted that it only takes a small amount of Government investment to “de-risk” industrial investment.

The Minister was questioned by attendees on a number of areas, ranging from the safety critical nature of CAM technology and its connected infrastructure to the outcome of the upcoming Law Commission’s regulatory review. He committed that the UK would continue with a regulatory environment to support safe deployment of CAM and that it will be a strong feature of the consultation and the subsequent Government response. Lord Grimstone closed his remarks by thanking Parliamentarians for the increased engagement on this issue which “will help develop a strong UK CAM sector” with increased investment and jobs of the future.

Following the Minister’s speech, the Group was also joined by two expert speakers, who provided invaluable insight from industry and local Government and demonstrated CAM success stories in the UK. They were:

  • Alex Charr, Global Growth Business Development Manager at ARRIVAL
  • Chris Lane, Head of Transport Innovation at Transport for West Midlands

To celebrate their achievements in CAM, the expert panel delivered two presentations to the APPG. The first, led by Alex Charr, introduced the Group to ARRIVAL, a world-leader in the mobility sector who deliver a range of technology and infrastructure led solutions to electric vehicles, including the charging infrastructure, a fleet management system and connectivity solutions. ARRIVAL, in partnership with CCAV, is the lead partner on the pioneering Robopilot project, which is demonstrating the use of an autonomous system for commercial courier vehicles. Chris Lane outlined the wider eco-system for CAM technology in the West Midlands and highlighted the growing role CCAV-funded test beds were having in the region. Attendees were invited to pose questions to the speakers throughout the event, with most chiming with what the Law Commission is consulting on around safe deployment.  

Next steps

The APPG meeting celebrated the progress that has been made thus far by the UK CAM sector. Underpinning this must be a legal and regulatory framework that is fit and ready for purpose. The Group will be informed by and will build upon the world-leading work currently being undertaken by the Law Commission of England & Wales and the Scottish Law Commission as part of their three-year review of automated vehicles. It is important for Parliament to continue to engage with Government ahead of it publishing its response to the CAM consultation, making the case for the importance of industry and Government collaboration to maintain the UK’s momentum on CAM. These are transport innovations that can provide clear societal benefits for the UK road network, and Government, road safety agencies, charities and the relevant industry stakeholders must engage in open and collaborative dialogue to build public confidence and deliver a sustainable model for CAM in the future.

The CAM APPG will be hosting its next session in due course. If you are interested in CAM, have any questions, or would like to join our subscription list for event invites and updates, contact us at appgcam@cicero-group.com.


[1] Connected Places Catapult ‘Market Summary for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles’ available here.

[2] The KPMG 2020 ‘Autonomous Vehicles Readiness Index’ available here.

Ben Everitt MP Hosts Westminster Hall Debate On The Potential Merits Of Driverless Cars

Ben Everitt, the MP for Milton Keynes North and chair of APPG on Connected and Automated Mobility, has hosted a Westminster Hall debate on the potential merits of driverless cars on UK roads.

Milton Keynes has become a hotbed for new technology with e-scooter trials, self-driving car trials and delivery robots all becoming regular sights for local residents.

In fact MK’s very own stadiummk will trial driverless shuttles and road vehicles for moving people and goods across the site, autonomous surveillance vehicles and drones for enhancing security, and testing out robots and drones for goods delivery and hospitality use.

And just last month the Government announced the first types of self-driving vehicles could be on UK roads by the end of this year with the belief this type of technology could ease congestion, cut emissions and reduce human error.

Contributers to the debate included Christian Wakeford MP (Con, Bury South), Nick Fletcher MP (Con, Don Valley), Marco Longhi MP (Con, Dudley North), Gavin Newlands MP (SNP, Paisley and Renfrewshire North), Kerry McCarthy MP (Lab, Bristol East) and Transport Minister Rachel Maclean MP (Con, Redditch) and was chaired by Dr Rupa Huq MP (Lab, Ealing Central and Acton).

Ben said in his speech: “In Milton Keynes we’re familiar with the sight of robots roaming our city as they bring the food deliveries to almost 200,000 residents, I know the Minister is aware of the e-scooter trials, we are a tech focused city, we are at the heart of the technical evolution of our country, the centre of innovation.

“We have the UK’s largest self-driving car project, Autodrive, and local manufacturers—Ford, Jaguar Land Rover and Tata—are supporting that. Last year, we also had the HumanDrive project, culminating in the longest autonomous journey in Britain—230 miles, from Milton Keynes to Sunderland.

“Now, at Stadium MK, we will be hosting a Government-funded trial to potentially introduce driverless taxis and a self-driving bus. I know that it might come as a surprise to many people watching this debate that we could have self-driving cars on our roads later this year, but this is just part of the exciting work that is under way, and has been for years and years, to develop connected and autonomous road vehicles, or CAV, as I will call them for the rest of this speech. That is in addition to automated lane-keeping systems to keep the cars literally on the straight and narrow.

“Connected and autonomous technology has the potential to bring so many benefits to our constituents by boosting British businesses and transforming our journeys. As we embark on this futuristic venture, it is definitely something that has to be slow and steady to start with. We need to put safety first, but I look forward to hearing more from the Minister on what is under way to build the best regulatory framework to deliver this opportunity for the future.”

You can watch the full debate here: https://parliamentlive.tv/event/index/5068d0e3-e938-4093-9b77-520982bf0…

Comment from APPG Chair: Government paves the way for self-driving vehicles on UK roads

On 28 April, the Department for Transport announced that Motorists could see self-driving vehicles on British roads for the first time later this year. Following a call for evidence last year, the Government has now set out how vehicles fitted with Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) technology could be legally defined as self-driving, as long as they receive GB type approval and that there is no evidence to challenge the vehicle’s ability to self-drive. For full information please see the Department for Transport’s news page here.

Following the news, CAM APPG Chair, Ben Everitt commented:

This is a very welcome announcement from Government and further stakes the UK’s claim as the world leader in the development of self-driving technologies. Technologies such as ALKS are an important stepping stone towards a self-driving future for the UK which has a real potential to make our roads safer, cleaner and more accessible.

I welcome the Government’s intention to continue their engagement with manufacturers, insurers and other road agencies to ensure the roll-out of self-driving technologies prioritises safety and builds user awareness and confidence, and I look forward to contributing to these discussions as Chair of the APPG on Connected and Automated Mobility.

Driving the debate: AXA UK and Burges Salmon host the second meeting of the Connected and Automated Mobility APPG on Self-driving technologies: How safe is safe enough?

Self-driving vehicles have long been considered as an opportunity to reduce the biggest contributing factor to road collisions, human error. Numerous research projects have found human error contributes to between 85% and 95% of current road collisions, and so many take the view that fully autonomous technology will result in a significant reduction in injuries and fatalities on UK roads. However, to reap the road safety rewards from self-driving technologies and enable societal acceptance the legal and regulatory environment must prioritise safety.

But how safe is safe enough? This was the question posed at the second session of the Connected and Automated Mobility (CAM) APPG. AXA UK and Burges Salmon built on the support received from industry and politicians following the launch of the APPG in January by hosting a consultative session with the Law Commission of England and Wales and the Scottish Law Commission. Held on the eve of the Commission’s final regulatory consultation deadline, the APPG heard from Law Commission lead lawyers on their three-year review and the role of Parliament in implementing the framework. 

The APPG’s Chair, Ben Everitt MP, welcomed over 75 virtual attendees to the meeting and highlighted the important work currently taking place across the UK on self-driving technologies including testing, trialling and developing the future of mobility. Ben ran through some of the key challenges the APPG and CAM stakeholders will need to tackle to keep up the momentum on self-driving technologies. He recognised the significant work underway by the Law Commission and the need for Parliamentarians of all sides to be ready to engage with self-driving regulation.

The Group was joined by an expert panel of speakers from the Law Commission including:

  • Nicholas Paines QC – Commissioner, Law Commission of England and Wales
  • Jessica Uguccioni – Automated Vehicles Review Lead Lawyer, Law Commission of England and Wales
  • Connor Champ – Lawyer, Law Commission of England
  • Elizabeth Connaughton – Legal Assistant, Scottish Law Commission 
  • David Bartos – Commissioner, Scottish Law Commission

The expert panel delivered two presentations to the APPG. The first, led by Jessica, focused on the meaning of self-driving and how safe is safe enough and the second, led by Connor and Elizabeth, looked at the ongoing safety monitoring, no-blame safety culture and the importance of data. Attendees were invited to pose questions to the speakers throughout the event, with most chiming with what the Law Commission is considering in their consultation.

During the session, MPs, Peers and industry stakeholders had the opportunity to give evidence and feedback on the approach proposed by the Law Commission in their far-reaching review of the legal framework for self-driving vehicles. The final publication of this review, expected at the end of 2021, will be a key moment for the future of transport in the UK and the CAM APPG is at the forefront of exploring these issues in Parliament.

Here are some of the key take aways from the meeting.

Legal Framework

How safe is safe enough? – The introduction of automated vehicles should see the number of fatalities on roads across the UK plummet. However, the only way to ensure this is by constructing a legal architecture that guarantees safety across the board and the level of risk must be acceptable to the road-using public. The Law Commission noted the current legal framework provides the platform to react to the arrival of automated vehicles and the areas covered in the first two consultations conducted by the Law Commission were discussed, ahead of formulating recommendations at the end of this year.

‘Driver’ in the car – Ensuring public trust and informing the public about the nature of the legal changes was discussed in detail, with attendees agreeing there must be a way to bring people along with this technology. The Law Commission questioned introducing systems where the driver has an Automated Driving System (ADS) engaged but not in control, noting it is a fundamental shift in legal parameters. It was also noted that the UK is the only legal system looking at person ‘in seat’ as separate to a driver. The discussion questioned how you define a system where the driver is not in control as, where once we had a system of full liability, it is moving to a design whereby you switch on an approved automated system and do not need to look after the system until there’s a potential warning.  

Consumer Protection – The meeting also looked at ensuring flexibility in the regulatory framework to assess the safety of a system, but one that remains explainable to consumers. The regulatory system, although stringent on approving on-boarding systems to any vehicle, still has the ultimate fall back of driver in charge with no ADS technology.

All things Data

Data Privacy – Increasing the regulatory burden on manufacturers and developers, particularly to implement safe systems, was discussed as it increases concerns about data privacy. The CAM ecosystem is connected and fuelled by big data so the meeting looked at how we can we design a system and bring people along without a perceived intrusion of privacy.

Regulatory standards in the future must require self-driving vehicles to record the location and time which any ADS is activated and deactivated to aid incident investigation. It was recognised that bringing users and manufacturers on-board with education about the duty of all to disclose this necessary data will be crucial. Currently, the Law Commission has set the parameters for Data Storage System for Automated Driving (DSSAD) data to be stored on a system for three years to comply with civil limitation periods, and this like other measures will be subject to review.

The discussions confirmed that delivering a comprehensive regulatory framework for self-driving vehicles is a complex topic. However, following on from the first APPG meeting, there was broad agreement that a collaborative approach is important to inform and build public trust in the future on self-driving vehicles.

Next steps

The APPG meeting summarised the state of play and timeline for the implementation of the Law Commission’s final report. It was recognised that UN approved Automated Lane Keeping Systems could be on UK motorways by the end of this year, if approved by the UK Government. Parliament will play a crucial role going forward to implement the regulatory framework for self-driving vehicles and assessing the Government’s approach to interim measures such as ALKS while the comprehensive regulatory framework resulting from the Law Commission’s review is developed. Government, Parliament and industry will all need to play their part in building public confidence and delivering a sustainable model for CAM in the future.

The CAM APPG will be hosting its next session in due course. If you are interested in CAM, have any questions, or would like to join our subscription list for event invites and updates, contact us at appgcam@cicero-group.com.

Driving the debate: AXA UK and Burges Salmon launch a cross-party parliamentary group on Connected and Automated Mobility

‘Connected and Automated Mobility’ (CAM) is the term used to describe the eco-system developing and supporting vehicles that can move people and goods without human intervention. CAM technologies have the potential to revolutionise our road network in the UK and globally. Not only can CAM make our roads safer by taking human error out of the driving experience, it will make transport more accessible for those currently unable to get around, drive growth for the UK economy, and importantly minimise air pollution and improve our climate.

Like any new technology, to ensure society can really feel the benefits of it, it’s important that when CAM is introduced to our roads it’s done so safely and with the correct legal and regulatory framework underpinning it. To do this, we need strong collaboration across government, industry, academia and wider society. This is why AXA UK and Burges Salmon have launched a new CAM All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG). The Group’s purpose is to bring CAM expertise into Parliament to shape future thinking into how we roll out this exciting technology across the UK.

The APPG is delighted to be supported by the newly elected Chair, Ben Everitt, MP for Milton Keynes North – a hotbed for testing and utilising CAM technology, and is Vice-Chaired by Robert Goodwill, MP for Scarborough and Whitby and previous Government Transport Minister. In our inaugural meeting last week, entitled ‘What’s next for driverless’, Ben introduced the Group to over 90 ‘virtual’ attendees by highlighting the important work taking place across the UK testing, trialling and developing the future of mobility. He then ran through some of the key challenges the APPG and CAM stakeholders will need to tackle in order to keep the momentum up on self-driving technologies.

 As a Group, we hope to address challenges such as consumer education, to utilising data in a responsible way, and to explore this exciting area of technology with Parliamentarians from across the political divide.

Alongside MPs and Peers, the Group was joined by an expert panel of speakers:

  • Zenzic, an organisation created by government and industry to help accelerate the development of the CAM ecosystem. Zenzic bring together industry, government and academia to drive collaboration, deliver a roadmap to guide decision makers and investors and champion the UK’s connected and self-driving vehicle ecosystem globally.
  • Law Commission of England and Wales’ Automated Vehicles Review. Commissioned by the Centre for Connected and Automated Vehicles (CCAV), the Law Commission is undertaking a three-year review of the UK’s regulatory framework for automated vehicles, to support their safe and effective deployment on UK roads.
  • Burges Salmon, an Independent UK law firm leading on critical analysis and thinking on legal and regulatory reform for CAM, grounded in actual testing experience through involvement in five CCAV projects. Burges Salmon’s work includes feasibility, research and development and commercialisation projects, and working with innovative mobility solutions providers.
  • AXA UK,one of the largest UK motor insurers. AXA has been involved in the CAM space since 2014. Recognising the potential to make travel safer for their customers AXA has partnered five CCAV projects to support on road safety issues, insurance provision, regulation and data. AXA was a lead contributor to the progression of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018 to ensure insurance is ready for CAM and its users.

Our speakers covered so much ground in what was a fascinating discussion, touching on collaboration, funding, the legal challenges, the importance of data and building public trust. Here are some of the key take outs:

Collaboration

Self-driving vehicles are more than just a technological innovation. To truly be a success CAM involves other transport systems adapting, as well as society opening-up to the technology and growing our understanding of its capabilities and limitations. It also requires the economy to first invest in the technology and then feel the reward of having done so. Everyone is a key player in CAM, which is why collaboration is so important.  

You can see how important collaboration is through examples like Zenzic, AXA and Burges Salmon actively working together to develop safety frameworks at the testbeds they support, which can then be used by all trial organisations in the UK. This is the type of collaboration that can speed innovation up.

But it’s not just about sharing key learnings. A successful CAM sector requires stakeholders beyond the technology industry to create world beating propositions together. Sectors like transport, retail, law and insurance. Historically these groups have worked separately, but now is the time to come together and create a successful industry.

Funding

The UK is a world leader in the development and regulation of CAM technology, largely due to the £400 million invested by government and industry over recent years. But we are now at an important juncture in the journey towards CAM becoming commonplace on UK roads. Whilst the groundwork and ecosystem for these vehicles has been laid, continued government and private sector funding is vital to fulfil the UK’s potential in this space.

The benefits of the technology criss-cross government departments, from BEIS to DCMS, and so a collaborative, holistic approach to funding and policy is necessary to ensure we remain ‘a tech maker, rather than a tech taker’.

Legal challenges

While Law is sometimes perceived to be a blocker, this is certainly not the case for CAM, the law will shape a framework that enables the deployment of CAM on UK roads. The Law Commission’s aim is that this legal framework will be applicable to trials beyond Great Britain, acting as a standard for the rest of the world.

But some of the key legal issues remain, for example, at what point can you safely and legally disengage from driving and your vehicle become ‘self-driving’? The challenges we spoke about included:

  • Changing the criminal responsibility for driving. If a person isn’t responsible for an accident, then who is? There will be important moments that require drivers to be attentive and take actions within a reasonable time period, but how do you legally define if/when a driver has met this requirement whilst the technology develops?
  • Putting in place a new, clear, safety assurance scheme, with additional statutory responsibilities and powers. To have confidence in these vehicles, we must ensure self-driving vehicles are safe and secure by design. For all forms of CAM, we need to determine how safe is safe enough and what is the standard of safety we expect from these vehicles as a minimum?
  • Enabling legal frameworks that work for different business models. There are two paths to automation, 1) consumer vehicles with a human in the driving seat working in set operational design domains such as on a motorway and 2) providers selling a service rather than a vehicle, with no driving seat like logistical delivery services. The legal framework must work for both.
  • Underpinning the legal framework with requirements around access to data that are possible to achieve. As you see below, data is really important in this whole debate. The legal framework needs to set expectations around data standards that work for the long-term. Although, this might require some flexibility in the system so that we can make improvements along the way.  

Data

The CAM ecosystem is by definition connected; it is fuelled by big data. In an automated vehicle, built-in sensors will be processing and analysing data in milliseconds, making data a critical enabler to the success of this technology. Utilising data in the right way could improve the efficiency of these vehicles at the same time as building our trust and confidence in them. But, we all know, the potential of data can only be properly unlocked if there are robust standards and sharing frameworks, covering accuracy, reliability, technical requirements and consumer interests.

Now that we are seeing the introduction of some low-level CAM technologies on UK roads, it’s more important than ever that we ensure the correct data requirements are in place. For insurers and road authorities, data is imperative. We all hope that accidents never happen, but if they do, insurers and law enforcers need to be able to determine liability through appropriate access to data from the vehicle or manufacturer, so those involved can see their claims settled quickly or trigger their legal rights. Whilst that sounds straight forward, in practice it requires new provisions for lawful access of incident data and a robust compliance framework to be introduced to accompany it.

Data is a complex topic which impacts a whole range of CAM stakeholders, you can see how a collaborative approach will be important to appropriately unlock the data challenge facing this technology.

Public Trust

Finally, at this APPG session we discussed public trust and consumer education. The two go hand-in-hand.  While the technology is new and exciting, it can also be a worry for members of the public. As we start to put autonomous vehicles on the roads, government and industry must carefully communicate the benefits and the limitations of new self-driving technologies ensuring users are always aware of their responsibilities when they sit in or encounter these vehicles. Building proper consumer understanding will minimise the risk of misinterpretation or accidents with the technology, which could ultimately set public trust back.

The CAM APPG will be hosting its next session in March. If you’re interested in CAM, have any questions, or would like to join our subscription list for event invites and updates, contact us appgcam@cicero-group.com